1.2.8 (M M M M) (CS1) Bias Based Profiling
The CALEA Standards Review and Interpretation Committee, referred to as the “SRIC” meets in Executive Session just prior to each CALEA conference to work on standards for revision or creation of new ones. At the CALEA conference, the Commission votes to approve a standard or direct staff to post the standard for client comments. Deleted language is shown as
red strikethrough. The proposed new language is shown as highlighted and in bold text.
Please review the standard and complete the web form by September 10, 2023.
1.2.8 (CS1) (M M M M) (CS1) Unlawful or Improper Bias
-Based Profiling in Public Safety
The agency has a written directive governing unlawful or improper bias
policing in public safety and, at a minimum, includes the following provisions:
- a prohibition against
biased based profilingunlawful or improper bias in public safety;
- initial training prior to assignment, and annual refresher training
for affected personnelin unlawful or improper biased issues including legal aspects, for all affected personnel; and
- a documented annual administrative review of agency
practices includingactivities with the potential for unlawful or improper bias to include, but not limited to, traffic and field contacts, asset forfeiture efforts, citizen concernscomplaints and any corrective measures taken.
Biased policing Unlawful or improper bias in public safety is the application of police authority based on a common trait of a group. This includes but is not limited to race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, age, gender, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, immigration status, disability, housing status, occupation, or language fluency.
Campus security agencies should not condone the use of any
biased-based profiling unlawful or improper bias in public safety in its enforcement programs as it may lead to allegations of violations of the constitutional rights of the citizens we serve, undermine legitimate law enforcement campus security efforts, and may lead to claims of civil rights violations. Additionally, bias-based profiling unlawful or improper bias in public safety alienates citizens, fosters distrust of law enforcement campus security by the community, invites media scrutiny, invites legislative action, and judicial intervention.
Campus security personnel should focus on a person's conduct and not consider common traits unless that trait has been associated with a specific suspect of a crime or the suspects associated with a pattern of incidents in a particular area.
Campus Security agencies should implement ongoing, top-down training for all affected personnel. This training should enhance trust and legitimacy in the campus community. This training should be accomplished with the assistance of advocacy groups that represent the viewpoints of communities that have traditionally had adversarial relationships with campus security agencies. Training should address how unlawful or improper bias can affect campus security activities and decision making during field contacts. Training should emphasize the corrosive effects of
biased profiling unlawful or improper bias in public safety on individuals, the community and the agency.
Agencies should consider ways that citizens might seek to utilize security personnel against others in a biased manner and consider training, policies, or other safeguards to minimize the risk personnel are placed into biased circumstances by an outside source. Time sensitive standard. (M M M M) (CS1)