Did You Know...?
When CALEA comes across information, a report, fact or statistical insight that may be of interest to our clients, we like to share it:
Female Representation in Law Enforcement: The Influence of Screening, Unions, Incentives, Community Policing, CALEA, and Size
An article published in the March 2014 issue of Police Quarterly by Amie M. Schuck, Department of Criminology, Law and Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, found that being involved in CALEA was one of the factors associated with having more women officers. Earlier studies had found that too. The author points to the CALEA requirement that the agency track its demographics and have a recruitment plan. As she notes, if you measure it, it matters. See the Abstract here.
Press Release: FBI Releases Preliminary Semiannual Crime Statistics for 2013. Statistics released reveal declines in both the violent crime and the property crime reported in the first six months of 2013 when compared with figures for the first six months of 2012.
IACP TECHNOLOGY POLICY FRAMEWORK
In response to the growing use of new and emerging technologies by law enforcement agencies, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) has released a Technology Policy Framework to help law enforcement executives create policies that support responsible deployment and use. See the report on the IACP website.
The Police Executive Research Foundation (PERF) has released a new report that traces how Compstat came into being, how it changed as it spread to hundreds of police agencies, and where it's headed for the future. The report, produced with support from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, is based on a PERF survey of law enforcement agencies, a national conference in which police executives described their experiences with Compstat, and PERF site visits to police departments across the country. The report is available on the PERF website: http://policeforum.org/library/compstat/Compstat.pdf
The latest issue in its Critical Issues in Policing Series reflects PERF’s goal to document the lessons that can be learned from past DOJ investigations. Civil Rights Investigations of Local Police: Lessons Learned includes some of the key points about DOJ civil rights investigations and the types of reforms that have been mandated since the DOJ was given legal standing to investigate police agencies in 1994. Read more.
The report can be found at: http://policeforum.org/library/critical-issues-in-policing-series/CivilR...
The National Prevention Toolkit on Officer Involved Domestic Violence is a project of the Law Enforcement Families Partnership (LEFP) at the Institute for Family Violence Studies within Florida State University’s College of Social Work. The Toolkit is part of a broad-based effort to prevent violence in the homes of criminal justice families and to support healthy families, agencies, and communities. Please note that this Toolkit is not a batterer intervention program and is not for use when violence has already occurred.
See the FSU website here for more information and to watch a video.
Washington State Patrol - How One Agency Is Using Speed Enforcement to Catch Impaired Drivers
The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) recently released a case study highlighting what the Washington State Patrol (WSP) is doing to address the relationship between speed and alcohol. Between 2006 and 2010, 91 percent of all traffic fatalities in Washington State were caused by speed and alcohol. While most of the WSP’s speed enforcement takes place during the day. The WSP says, “The speed that’s most likely to cause a death is speed that's mixed with alcohol at night.” According the NHTSA, “the rate of alcohol impairment among drivers involved in fatal crashes in 2010 was four times higher at night than during the day (37 percent versus 9 percent). Read more.
The Council of State Governments Justice Center recently released a report that highlights statewide initiatives for supporting local-level specialized policing responses (SPRs) for people with mental illnesses. SPRs are designed to help individuals in crisis connect to community-based treatment and supports, when appropriate, instead of becoming involved in the criminal justice system. The online publication, Statewide Law Enforcement/Mental Health Efforts: Strategies to Support and Sustain Local Initiatives, is the product of a project supported by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. See here.
The IACP published two items in 2010 on law enforcement and combat veterans that have gotten good reviews: Combat Veteran's and Law Enforcement and Law Enforcement Leaders Guide on Combat Veterans. These items are available online. See here.
The IACP study, Automated License Plate Recognition (ALPR) Use by Law Enforcement: Policy and Operational Guide, is available on the CALEA website. See here.
Johns Hopkins University Launches New On-Line Master of Science in Management
for Public Safety Professionals
Since 1993, more than 70 chiefs of police nationwide have graduated from the nationally recognized Master of Science in Management program offered by the Johns Hopkins University's Division of Public Safety Leadership (PSL). Until now, the program was only offered in face-to-face classes in Baltimore, Maryland. But starting in January, 2013, public safety officials nationwide will be able to take advantage of the program in a high-quality, interactive online format, which can be completed in less than two years.
For years, local, state, and federal law enforcement officials had urged PSL to offer its MS program online but the Division was hesitant because it didn't know if the quality of its face-to-face program could transfer to an online program. With the help of Johns Hopkins experts in educational theory and technology, Hopkins took the time needed to design an online program that meets the needs of busy professionals while providing the same world class education consistent with Johns Hopkins University and our MS face-to-face program.
The approach to online learning is based on effective practices, drawn from research conducted at Johns Hopkins and on existing best practices regarding distance learning. It is designed to employ the best methods of learning theories including adult learning and experiential learning, and the best mix of academic theory and practical application.
During the design process, PSL's leadership decided that parts of the face-to-face program could not be put online and were too important to forego. As a result, Hopkins decided to include two residencies or retreats as part of the online program. The two one-week residencies required in the online program include trips to Gettysburg, Fort McHenry, the Holocaust Museum, and Arlington National Cemetery, where students focus on real-life leadership lessons learned, uses of personal power, responsibility, and the impact of successful and failed leadership.
Like the face-to-face program, the online program will also use a cohort model. Students remain with the same group of professionals throughout the program and learn together while sharing their collective wealth of real world experiences. Courses focus on organizational development, research, human resource management, ethics, and strategic planning. In addition, the cohort model helps students develop educational and professional networks during the program and beyond.
Effective communication and student support is essential to the success of the online program. Johns Hopkins online program recognizes students as adult learners, with adult responsibilities. It is highly interactive, engaging, rigorous, manageable and employs the best methods of adult learning, experiential learning, academic theory and practical application. Students have a map of the program, and a map of each course to assist them with time management and guide them through the learning process. Reading, assignments, exercises, and project due dates are clearly apparent and students use course maps to manage their workload effectively. Faculty members and staff are also available for guidance and assistance, and personal coaches are assigned to each student for the program duration.
To learn more about PSL's new on-line Master of Science in Management program contact Kelly Williams, academic adviser, at email@example.com or (410) 516-9866.
To attend an online information session, register at www.psl.jhu.edu . Online Information Sessions: Wednesday, June 20th 7-8 p.m. or Wednesday, September 12th 7-8 p.m .
Two New Reports Relating to Policing Are Available:
The Police Foundation has published a new study, The Shift Length Experiment: What We Know About 8-, 10-, and 12-Hour Shifts in Policing. The report is available online at www.policefoundation.org/shiftexperiment/ and in hardcopy.
This new report presents the results of the first known comprehensive randomized experiment of compressed workweek schedules in law enforcement. Supported by the National Institute of Justice, the Police Foundation study was designed to test the impacts of three shift lengths (8-, 10-, and 12-hour) on performance, health, safety, quality of life, sleep, fatigue, alertness, off-duty employment, and overtime among police. The study found some distinct advantages of 10-hour shifts and some disadvantages associated with 12-hour shifts that are concerning.
Also available in hardcopy from the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) is a new report in their Critical Issues in Policing Series, "How Are Innovations in Technology Transforming Policing?" This is based on a PERF Survey to measure the extent to which agencies are using technologies like automated license plate readers, gunshot detection systems, social media, and various types of video cameras.
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, July 2011 Bulletin, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008:
- From 2004-2008, there was a net increase of 33,343 full-time sworn officers employed by state and local law enforcement agencies, reversing a pattern of declining growth observed from 2000-2004.
- Total number of state and local law enforcement agencies: 17,985
Total number of local police agencies: 12,501
Total number of sheriff’s office: 3,063
Total number of primary state agencies: 50
Total number of special jurisdiction agencies: 1,733
Total number of constable/marshal agencies: 638
- Of the five largest state law enforcement agencies, three are CALEA Law Enforcement Accredited: California Highway Patrol, Pennsylvania State Police, and New Jersey State Police.
- Of the 30 largest public college/university law enforcement agencies, by number of full-time sworn personnel, 16 are CALEA Law Enforcement Accredited or in Self-Assessment.
Reference: NCJ 233982
For a list of all publications in this series, go to http://www.bjs.gov.